The Dopamine System in Mediating Alcohol Effects in Humans

Specifically, rats voluntarily self‐administer alcohol, as well as acetaldehyde (an alcohol metabolite) into the posterior, but not anterior, part of the VTA [80–85], indicating that alcohol is reinforcing only within the posterior VTA. In corroboration are the findings that the sensitivity of the posterior VTA to the reinforcing effects of alcohol is enhanced in alcohol‐preferring […]